Lung, Esophageal, and Other Chest Diseases
Diseases that affect your lungs, esophagus, or chest are sometimes referred to as general thoracic diseases. This is because they are treated by cardiothoracic surgeons who specialize in general thoracic surgery.

Cardiothoracic surgeons specializing in general thoracic surgery treat diseases, such as lung cancer, esophageal cancer, and Barrett's Esophagus.  

They also can perform lung transplants for patients with end-stage lung disease. 

See an interactive, 3D simulation of the lungs.* 


Types of General Thoracic Diseases
Types of General Thoracic Diseases

Some of the different types of lung, esophageal and chest diseases that are treated by cardiothoracic surgeons include:

  • Lung Cancer 
  • Esophageal Cancer 
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Barrett’s Esophagus
  • Chest Wall Tumors
  • Mediastinal Tumors
  • Achalasia and Esophageal Motility Disorders
  • Mesothelioma
  • Pleural Diseases
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

The STS mission is to advance cardiothoracic surgeons’ delivery of the highest quality patient care through collaboration, education, research, and advocacy.